- present participle of slouch
The long-term complications of standing are the conditions that may arise after prolonged time in standing position. To maintain health while standing, one should maintain Neutral Spine.
PrevalenceThere are no exact measures of how prevalent the complications are. However, European studies report that between one third and one half of all workers spend at least four hours per workday standing or walking.
SlouchingIn contrast to proper posture or "Neutral Spine," "slouching" refers to improper posture or "non-neutral spine."
While a shift of weight from one foot to another to alleviate the strain of long-term standing poses no harm, a slouching posture is unable to optimally distribute weight across the body framework. Since it is a posture of constant, static strain on the muscles involved it causes decreased alertness. Secondarily, it can also cause varicose veins.
Varicose veinsVaricose veins are veins that have become enlarged and twisted.
Just as with orthostatic hypotension, gravity pulls the blood downwards to the lower part of the body. Body mechanisms, such as vasoconstriction and valves of the veins, on the other hand, assist in forcing blood uppwards. However, the valves of the veins work best in concert with accompanying muscle contractions. Standing with some muscles constantly strained, on the other hand, such as in slouching, creates no support for the system carrying blood upwards. As a result, the veins in the legs might become distended, making the valves unable to close properly, causing further distension and thus varicose veins.